Resources !!
  1. What Is a Brain Attack (Stroke)?

Brain attack (stroke) occurs when blood vessels supplying blood to a specific part of the brain suddenly become blocked by a clot or get ruptured.

Brain cells must have a continuous supply of oxygen and other nutrients from the blood in order to function. To meet this demand of the millions of cells of the brain, blood is pumped continuously from the heart to the brain via several blood vessels. When this continuous blood supply is disrupted, brain cells begin to die and a brain attack results.

Brain attacks fall into several major categories, based on whether the disrupted blood supply is caused by a clot blocking blood vessel (also known as an ischemic stroke) or rupture of a blood vessel (known as a brain hemorrhage). Since each type of brain attack has a different type of treatment, it is important to determine the cause of the stroke, as well as the location, as quickly as possible.

Warning Signs of a Brain attack

Your body may warn you by the sudden appearance of one or more of the symptoms listed below. Your physician or a relative/colleague or even a passerby may also identify certain signs or symptoms that are indicative of brain attack. Familiarize yourself with the following important rescue signs. Remember RESCUE i.e.

  • Reduced power or paralysis of one side (weakness of face/arm/leg)

  • Eye problem (loss of vision in one or both eyes)

  • Speech problem (difficulty in speaking)

  • Confusion (difficulty in understanding)

  • Unsteadiness (loss of balance or vertigo)

  • Excruciating headache (worst headache of life)

Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs)

About one-third of all Brain attacks are preceded by one or more "mini attacks" known as transient ischemic attacks (TIAs). TIAs can occur days, weeks or even months before a brain attack.

TIAs are caused by temporary interruptions in the blood supply to the brain. The symptoms occur rapidly and last a relatively short time, usually for a few minutes. For instance, if you experience a sudden loss of vision, or weakness in an arm or leg that disappears, you might be having a TIA.

Because TIAs are temporary and the body soon returns to normal, it is easy to ignore them or to believe that the problem has disappeared. However, it is dangerous to ignore TIAs, because the underlying problem that caused the TIA continues to exist. TIAs are often early warning signs of a more serious and debilitating brain attack in the future.

Rescue! Do not waste time

If you or someone you know experiences any of the rescue signs listed above, it is extremely important to seek emergency help right away. Call ‘Brain Rescue’ immediately for urgent transportation to Medanta Brain Rescue center even if you think that you are getting better or if the symptoms seem to disappear.

Typically, patients do not seek help for a day or more after the first symptoms appear. They often believe that oil massage or bed rest will improve their symptoms. By that time, it is usually too late for new treatments to be effective. Recognizing and responding to the rescue signs of brain attack — as soon as they appear — gives the patient the best chance for an optimal recovery. Brain attack is an emergency! It is as severe as heart attack and often even more hazardous than it.

Remember, if you can save time you can save your brain.


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